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ISIS bride Shamima Begum loses Supreme Court appeal to return to the UK

Shamima Begum holds her baby son while speaking to a reporter

ISIS bride Shamima Begum has misplaced her Supreme Court appeal to come again to Britain to battle the removing of her British citizenship, leaving her caught in a Syrian detention camp.

The Supreme Court dominated in favour of the Home Office, saying British-born Ms Begum, 21, shouldn’t be allowed to return to the UK whereas she challenges the citizenship resolution.

The ruling could possibly be a blow to different British-born jihadi wives hoping to sooner or later come again to the UK.

In the Begum case, the UK’s high court docket overturned a call by appeal judges, unanimously holding the decrease court docket was incorrect to discover that she needs to be allowed to enter the UK to pursue her case.

Ms Begum was 15 when she and two different east London schoolgirls ran away to Syria to be a part of the self-proclaimed Islamic State in February 2015. She could possibly be the just one nonetheless alive.

Shamima Begum holds her days-old child son at a refugee camp in Syria in February 2019

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Then-Home Secretary Sajid Javid revoked her British citizenship on nationwide safety grounds shortly after she was discovered, 9 months pregnant, in a Syrian refugee camp in February 2019.

At the time, she instructed reporters she did not remorse becoming a member of ISIS, however begged to be rescued and introduced again to the UK.

Begum’s case has been the topic of a heated debate, pitting those that say she forsook her proper to citizenship by travelling to be a part of ISIS towards those that argue she shouldn’t be left stateless however slightly face trial in Britain.

Announcing Friday’s resolution, Lord Reed stated: “The Supreme Court unanimously permits all of the Home Secretary’s appeals and dismisses Ms Begum’s cross-appeal.”

Lord Reed stated the Court of Appeal wrongly “made its personal evaluation of the necessities of nationwide safety and most popular it to that of the Secretary of State, regardless of the absence of any related proof earlier than it”.

Shamima Begum is seen as a 15-year-old

Ms Begum was 15 when she and two different schoolgirls ran away to Syria

The choose added: “The Court of Appeal’s strategy didn’t give the Secretary of State’s evaluation the respect which it ought to have acquired, provided that it’s the Secretary of State who has been charged by Parliament with duty for making such assessments, and who’s democratically accountable to Parliament for the discharge of that duty.”

In the Supreme Court’s written ruling, Lord Reed stated: “It is, after all, true {that a} deprivation resolution could have critical penalties for the particular person in query: though she can’t be rendered stateless, the lack of her British citizenship could nonetheless have a profound impact upon her life, particularly the place her different nationality is one with which she has little actual connection.

“But the setting apart of the resolution might also have critical penalties for the public curiosity.

“In such a case, it might be irresponsible for the court docket to enable the appeal with none regard to the pursuits of nationwide safety which prompted the resolution in query, and it’s tough to conceive that the regulation would require it to achieve this.”

Amira Abase, Kadiza Sultana and Shamima Begum are seen on CCTV before flying to Turkey

Ms Begum (proper) with Amira Abase (left) and earlier than catching a flight to Turkey in February 2015

The Supreme Court additionally dominated there was “no foundation for the Court of Appeal’s discovering that the nationwide safety issues about Ms Begum could possibly be addressed and managed by her being arrested and charged upon her arrival in the United Kingdom”, or by imposing a measure underneath the Terrorism Prevention and Investigation Measures Act 2011 (Tpim).

Lord Reed stated: “There was no proof earlier than the court docket from the police, the Crown Prosecution Service or the Director of Public Prosecutions as to whether or not it was both attainable or applicable to make sure that Ms Begum was arrested on her return and charged with an offence.

“Nor was it recognized whether or not, if she have been arrested and charged, she could be remanded in custody: that may be a matter for the courts.”


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The choose additionally stated there was “no proof, nor any submissions, earlier than the Court of Appeal as to whether or not or not a Tpim might or could be imposed on Ms Begum, or as to the effectiveness of any such measure in addressing the threat which she would possibly pose”.

He concluded: “The Court of Appeal additionally seems to have ignored the limitations to its competence, each institutional and constitutional, to resolve questions of nationwide safety.”

Mr Javid “strongly” welcomed the ruling and insisted Ms Begum has solely herself to blame.

 “The Home Secretary is liable for the safety of our residents and borders, and due to this fact we must always have the energy to resolve whether or not anybody posing a critical risk to that safety can enter our nation.

Shamima Begum sits inside a tent at a refugee camp

Ms Begum is seen at a refugee camp in northern Syria in February 2020

“There aren’t any merely options to this example, however any restrictions of rights and freedoms confronted by this particular person are a direct consequence of the excessive actions that she and others have taken, in violation of Government steerage and customary morality.”

Human rights teams hit out at ruling

Human rights group Liberty, which intervened in Ms Begum’s case, stated the Supreme Court’s ruling units “a particularly harmful precedent”.

Rosie Brighouse, a lawyer with Liberty, stated: “The proper to a good trial is just not one thing democratic governments ought to take away on a whim, and neither is somebody’s British citizenship.

“If a authorities is allowed to wield excessive powers like banishment with out the fundamental safeguards of a good trial it units a particularly harmful precedent.

“The safety providers have safely managed the returns of lots of of individuals from Syria however the Government has chosen to goal Shamima Begum.

“This strategy doesn’t serve justice, it’s a cynical distraction from a failed counter-terror technique and one other instance of this Government’s disregard for entry to justice and the rule of regulation.”

Shamima Begum

A photograph launched by police after Ms Begum, then 15, was reported lacking in February 2015

Maya Foa, director of the human rights group Reprieve, stated: “Barring Shamima Begum from Britain stays a cynical ploy to make her another person’s duty.

“Like lots of its European counterparts, the UK is greater than able to bringing dwelling British detainees in Syria, lots of whom left as youngsters after being trafficked or groomed on-line.

“The Government ought to carry the British households again to the UK in order that kids could be supplied with help they want and adults could be prosecuted the place there are expenses to reply.

“Abandoning them in a authorized black gap – in Guantanamo-like circumstances – is out of step with British values and the pursuits of justice and safety.”

Ms Begum challenged the Home Office’s resolution to take away her British citizenship, arguing she needs to be allowed to return to the UK to pursue her appeal. She could possibly be arrested and charged if she returns to Britain.

Current Home Secretary Priti Patel had beforehand insisted there was “no method” Ms Begum can return to the UK.

Ms Begum, who has been held with different jihadi brides and kids at the al-Roj detention camp in northern Syria, claims she was married to a Dutch ISIS fighter who has since been captured and imprisoned. All three of their kids have died.

She took authorized motion towards the Home Office, claiming the resolution to revoke her citizenship was illegal as a result of it rendered her stateless and uncovered her to an actual threat of dying or inhuman and degrading therapy.

The Home Office had argued she wasn’t stateless, claiming she was a British-Bangladeshi twin nationwide.

Ms Begum is of Bangladeshi heritage, however Bangladesh’s overseas ministry has insisted she is just not a Bangladeshi citizen and she or he wouldn’t be allowed into that nation.

Begum return would ‘enhance threat of terrorism’

In July final 12 months, the Court of Appeal dominated that “the solely method wherein she will be able to have a good and efficient appeal is to be permitted to come into the United Kingdom to pursue her appeal”.

At the time, a spokesman for Prime Minister Boris Johnson stated the Government was “bitterly dissatisfied”.

Shamima Begum speaks to a reporter at a refugee camp

Ms Begum claims she married a Dutch convert 10 days after arriving in ISSI territory

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Here is a timeline of occasions after Shamima Begum and two faculty mates left their properties in east London throughout the half-term break and travelled to Syria to be a part of ISIS.


February 17: Bethnal Green Academy schoolgirls Shamima Begum, 17, Kadiza Sultana, 16, and Amira Abase, 15, board a flight from Gatwick Airport to Istanbul, Turkey, on the first leg of their journey to ISIS’ ‘capital’ in Raqqa, Syria.

The women marry ISIS fighters inside days of their arrival in Raqqa.

February 20: The Metropolitan Police points a public appeal after the women are reported lacking amid issues they could have travelled to be a part of the terror group.


August 11: Reports say Ms Sultana is believed to have been killed in an air strike on Raqqa in May 2016, apparently whereas planning to escape.


February 13: Ms Begum, then 9 months pregnant, is tracked down by a reporter from the Times at the al-Hol refugee camp in northern Syria.

She says she has no regrets and begs to be rescued and brought again to Britain.

February 17: Ms Begum offers start to her third youngster, a son named Jarrah, who dies three weeks later. She had instructed reporters her two different kids had additionally died and her husband, Dutch convert Yago Riedijk, had been captured by Western-backed fighters.

She had additionally instructed reporters she final noticed Ms Abase in mid-2018 and does not know what occurred to her.

February 19: The Home Office sends a letter to the Begum household stating that her British citizenship could be revoked.

March 19: Ms Begum’s authorized staff file a authorized motion difficult the Government’s resolution to revoke her citizenship.

October 22: Ms Begum’s appeal towards the Home Office’s resolution to revoke her citizenship begins in London.


February 7: The semi-secret Special Immigration Appeals Commission (SIAC) – a specialist tribunal which hears challenges to selections to take away somebody’s British citizenship on nationwide safety grounds – dominated the Home Office’s resolution was lawful as Ms Begum was “a citizen of Bangladesh by descent” at the time of the resolution.

June 10: The Court of Appeal begins listening to Ms Begum’s problem of the ruling.

July 16: Senior judges on the Court of Appeal rule Ms Begum needs to be allowed to return to the UK to battle the resolution to take away her UK citizenship.

The judges stated she had been denied a good listening to as a result of she couldn’t make her case from a refugee camp in Syria.

November: The Home Office challenges the Court of Appeal ruling.


February 26: The Supreme Court guidelines Ms Begum shouldn’t be allowed to return to the UK to pursue her appeal towards the deprivation of her British citizenship.

The Home Office challenged that call at the Supreme Court in November, arguing that permitting her to return to the UK “would create vital nationwide safety dangers” and expose the public to “an elevated threat of terrorism”.

At the listening to in November, her attorneys stated Ms Begum was presently in the al-Roj camp in northern Syria, the place circumstances are “dire”.

Lord Pannick QC instructed the court docket that the Syrian Democratic Forces, which management the al-Roj camp, “don’t allow visits from attorneys nor do they enable detainees to communicate to attorneys”.

He stated the case towards Ms Begum was “not more than that she travelled to Syria and ‘aligned with IS”‘.

“It is just not alleged that she fought, skilled or participated in any terrorist actions, nor that she had any function inside IS,” he added.

Kadiza Sultana

Kadiza Sultana is believed to have been killed in an air strike in 2016

Lord Pannick added that if Ms Begum couldn’t return to the UK to pursue an efficient appeal “the deprivation appeal should be allowed”, as there’s “no different truthful or simply step that may be taken”.

Sir James Eadie QC, representing the Home Office, instructed the court docket: “If you drive the Secretary of State to facilitate a return to the UK, or if you happen to enable the substantive appeal, the impact is to create doubtlessly very critical nationwide safety issues.”

Two different schoolgirls feared lifeless

He stated of Ms Begum: “She married an IS fighter, lived in Raqqa, the capital of the self-declared caliphate, and remained with them for about 4 years till 2019, when she left from, in impact, the final pocket of IS territory in Baghuz.”

Sir James argued that people who went to Syria to be a part of IS pose a “actual and critical” threat to nationwide safety “no matter sympathy could be generated by the age of the particular person after they travelled”.

Ms Begum, and Kadiza Sultana and Amira Abase, then 16 and 15 respectively, boarded a flight from Gatwick Airport to Istanbul, Turkey, on February 17, 2015, earlier than making their method to Raqqa in Syria.

The three schoolgirls from Bethnal Green Academy left London shortly after Sharmeena Begum, who is not any relation, travelled to Syria in December 2014.

Amira Abase walks through security at Gatwick

Amira Abase walks by way of safety at Gatwick earlier than flying to Turkey in 2015

Ms Sultana is believed to have been killed in an air strike in 2016.

Ms Begum instructed reporters in 2019 she doesn’t know the destiny of her classmate Abase and she or he had not seen her since mid-2018. There have been unconfirmed claims Ms Abase was killed in an air strike.

Ms Begum claims she married Dutch convert Yago Riedijk 10 days after arriving in IS territory, with all three of her faculty mates additionally reportedly marrying overseas IS fighters.

She instructed The Times in February 2019 that she left Raqqa in January 2017 along with her husband, however her kids, a one-year-old lady and a three-month-old boy, had each since died.

Her third youngster died in the al-Roj camp in March 2019, shortly after he was born.

She stated at the time: “I’m not the similar foolish little 15-year-old schoolgirl who ran away from Bethnal Green 4 years in the past. And I don’t remorse coming right here.”

She described a principally “regular life” in ISIS’ de facto capital till bombings started, including: “When I noticed my first severed head in a bin it did not faze me in any respect.”

In later interviews, she apologised, pleaded for mercy and stated she had been “brainwashed” and was “keen to change” as she begged to be allowed again in Britain.

Ms Begum’s father Ahmed Ali, who lives in Bangladesh, had stated beforehand she ought to face justice in the UK, and begged Britons to forgive her.